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Montagna Paolo

Montagna Paolo

Laurea degree in Geology (summa cum laude) (1999) and European PhD Label in Earth Sciences (2005) at the University of Padova.

CNR - ISMAR - U.O.S. di Bologna –, Via Gobetti, 101 – 40129 Bologna

Phone +39 051 6398913


My research focuses on the development and application of geochemical proxies for paleoclimatological and paleoceanographic reconstructions on a variety of timescale. This includes the analysis of trace elements and key isotopic systems for paleoclimatological studies (neodymium, strontium, boron, lithium and uranium/thorium dating) Over the last few years I have been mostly working with carbonate systems including shallow- and deep-water corals from the Mediterranean Sea. My research aims to address some of the fundamental aspects of the biomineralization mechanisms in corals to reliably interpret the geochemical variations within the coral skeleton in term of environmental changes.


Selected Publications

  • Remia A., Montagna P., and Taviani M. (2004). Submarine diagenesis products on the sediment-starved Gorgona Canyon, Tuscan Archipelago (Tyrrhenian Sea). Chemistry and Ecology, 20, 131-153.
  • Forli M., Dell’Angelo B., Montagna P., and Taviani M. (2004).  A new large Patella (Mollusca:Patellogastropoda) in the Pliocene of the Mediterranean Basin. Bollettino Malacologico, 40, 49-78.
  • Silenzi S., Bard E., Montagna P., and Antonioli F. (2005). Isotopic records in a non-tropical coral (Cladocora caespitosa) from the Mediterranean Sea: evidence of a new high-resolution climate archive. Global and Planetary Change, 49, 94-120.
  • Montagna P., McCulloch M., Taviani M., Remia A., and Rouse G. (2005). High resolution trace and minor element compositions in deep-sea  Azooxanthellate solitary Corals (Desmophyllum dianthus) from the mediterranean Sea and the Great Australia Bight. In: Freiwald A, Roberts JM (eds) Cold-water Corals and Ecosystems. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, 1109-1126.
  • Luterbacher J., Xoplaki E., Casty C., Wanner H., Pauling A., Küttel M., Rutishauser T., Brönnimann S., Fischer E., Fleitmann D., González-Rouco F.J., García-Herrera R., Barriendos M.,  Rodrigo F., Gonzalez-Hidalgo J.C., Saz M.A., Gimeno L., Ribera P., Brunet M., Paeth H., Rimbu N., Felis T., Jacobeit J., Dünkeloh A., Zorita E., Guiot J., Türkes M., Alcoforado M.J., Trigo R.,  Wheeler D., Tett S., Mann M.E., Touchan R., Shindell D.T., Silenzi S., Montagna P., Camuffo D.,  Mariotti A., Nanni T., Brunetti M., Maugeri M., Zerefos C., De Zolt S., and Lionello P. (2006). Mediterranean climate variability over the last centuries: a review. In Lionello P., Boscolo R., Rizzoli P. (eds) Elsevier Science.
  • Montagna P., McCulloch  M., Taviani M., Mazzoli C. and Vendrell B. (2006). Phosphorus in cold-water corals as a proxy for seawater nutrient chemistry. Science, 312, 1788-1791.
  • Montagna P., McCulloch  M., Mazzoli C., Silenzi S. and Odorico R. (2007). The non-tropical coral Cladocora caespitosa as the new climate archive for the Mediterranean Sea: high-resolution (~ weekly) trace element systematics. Quaternary Science Review, 26, 441-462.
  • Taviani M., López-Correa M., Zibrowius Z., Montagna P., McCulloch M. and Ligi M (2007). Last glacial deep water Scleractinian corals from the Red Sea. Bulletin of Marine Science, 81, 361-370.
  • Montagna P., Silenzi S., Devoti S., Mazzoli C., McCulloch  M., Scicchitano G. and Taviani M (2008). High-resolution natural archives provide new tools for climate reconstruction and monitoring in the Mediterranean Sea. Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei, 19, 121-140.
  • Montagna P., McCulloch M., Mazzoli C., Taviani M., Silenzi S. (2008). High-resolution geochemical records from cold-water corals: proxies for paleoclimate and paleoenvironmental reconstructions and the role of coral physiology. CIESM Monograph 36, 55-60.
  • Yilmaz A, De Lange G, Dupont S, Fine M, Fowler SW, Gattuso J-P, Gazeau F, Gehlen M, Goyet C, Jeffree R, Montagna P, Rees AP, Reynaud S, Rodolfo-Metalpa R, Ziveri P, Briand F. (2008). Executive summary. In: Briand F (Ed.), Impacts of acidification on biological, chemical and physical systems in the Mediterranean and Black Seas, 5-19. Monaco: CIESM.
  • Silenzi S., Antonioli F., Chemello R., Devoti S., Mazzoli C., Montagna P. (2008). La ricerca di nuovi archivi naturali ad alta risoluzione per comprendere le variazioni climatiche nel Mediterraneo nel corso degli ultimi 500 anni. Studi costieri, 15, 11-24.
  • Silenzi S., Devoti S., Montagna P., Parlagreco L., Pisapia M., Antonioli F., Chemello R., Pranzini E. (2008). Presentazione dei documentari della serie Memorie del Clima Mediterraneo: Med Archives, T Med, A Boiling Sea. Studi costieri, 15, 3-9.
  • López-Correa M., Montagna P., Vendrell B., McCulloch M. and Taviani M. (2010). Stable isotopes (d18O and d13C), trace and minor element compositions of Last Glacial to Recent scleractinians and bivalves at Santa Maria di Leuca deep-water coral province, Ionian Sea. Deep-Sea Research II, 57, 471-486.
  • McCulloch M., Taviani M., Montagna P., Mortimer G., López-Correa M. and Remia A. (2010). Proliferation and Demise of Deep-Sea Corals in the Mediterranean during the Younger Dryas. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 298, 143-152.
  • Taviani M., Vertino A., Savini A., Remia A., Lopez Correa M., Montagna P., De Mol B., Angeletti L., Zibrowius H., Salomidi M., Ritt B., Henry P. (2010). Pleistocene to Recent Deep-Water corals in the Eastern Mediterranean. Facies, DOI 10.1007/s10347-010-0247-8.
  • Godinot C., Ferrier-Pagès C., Montagna P., Grover R. (2011). Tissue and skeletal changes in the scleractinian coral Stylophora pistillata Esper 1797 under phosphate enrichment. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 409, 200-207.
  • Montagna P. (2011). Trace element and isotopic composition of coral skeletons as proxies for paleoclimate reconstructions and the role of coral physiology in controlling the geochemical composition during the skeletogenesis. Seminarios de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogia 7, 46-57.
  • Trotter J., Montagna P., McCulloch M., Silenzi S., Reynaud S., Mortimer G., Martin S., Ferrier-Pagès C., Gattuso J.-P., Rodolfo-Metalpa R. (2011). Quantifying the pH “vital effect” in the temperate zooxanthellate coral Cladocora caespitosa: validation of the boron seawater pH proxy.  Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 303, 163-173.
  • Mason H.E., Montagna P., Taviani M., McCulloch M., Phillips B.L. (2011). Phosphate in Coral Skeletal Aragonite: Implications for a Paleo-nutrient Proxy. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, 7446-7457.
  • López Correa M., Montagna P., Joseph N., Rüggeberg A., Fietzke J., Flögel S., Dorschel B., Goldstein S.L., Wheeler A., Freiwald A. (2011). Preboreal onset of cold-water coral growth beyond the Arctic Circle revealed by coupled radiocarbon and U-series dating and neodymium isotopes. Quaternary Science Reviews, 34, 24-43.
  • McCulloch M., Trotter J., Montagna P., Falter J., Dunbar R., Freiwald A., Försterra G., López Correa M., Maier C., Rüggeberg A., Taviani M. (2012). Boron isotope systematics of cold-water scleractinian corals: Internal pH up-regulation and response to ocean acidification. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 87, 21-34.
  • McCulloch M., Falter J., Trotter J., Montagna P. (2012). Resilience of coral calcification to ocean acidification and global warming: the role of pH up-regulation. Nature Climate Change, 2, 623-627.
  • Luterbacher, J., R. García-Herrera, S. Akcer-On, R. Allan, M. C. Alvarez-Castro, G. Benito, J. Booth, U. Büntgen, N. Cagatay, D. Colombaroli, B. Davis, J. Esper, T. Felis, D. Fleitmann, D. Frank, D. Gallego, E. Garcia-Bustamante, R. Glaser, J. F. González-Rouco, H. Goosse, T. Kiefer, M. G. Macklin, S. Manning, P. Montagna, L. Newman, M. J. Power, V. Rath, P. Ribera, D. Riemann, N. Roberts, S. Silenzi, W. Tinner, B. Valero-Garces, G. van der Schrier, C. Tzedakis, B. Vannière, S. Vogt, H. Wanner, J. P. Werner, G. Willett, M.H. Williams, E. Xoplaki, C. S. Zerefos, and E. Zorita (2012): A review of 2000 years of paleoclimatic evidence in the Mediterranean. In: Lionello, P. (Ed.), The Climate of the Mediterranean region: From the Past to the Future. Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, pp. 87-185.
  • Trevisiol A., Bergamasco A., Montagna P., Sprovieri M., Taviani M. (2012). Stable isotope measurements on Adamussium colbecki shells: kinetic effects vs. isotopic equilibrium. Journal of Marine Systems, in press  doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2012.10.01
  • Dissard D., Douville E., Juillet-Leclerc A., Reynaud S., Louvat P., Montagna P., McCulloch M. (2012). Light and temperature effect on Boron isotope composition and B/Ca ratios of the zooxanthellate coral Acropora sp.: Results from culturing experiments. Biogeosciences, 9, 4589-460
  • Tisnérat-Laborde N., Montagna P., McCulloch M., Siani G., Silenzi S., Frank N. (2013). A high-resolution coral-based D14C record of surface water processes in the Western Mediterranean Sea. Radiocarbon, 55, 2-3, 1617-1630.
  • Hathorne E.C., Gagnon A., Felis T., Adkins J., Asami R., Boer W., Caillon N., Case D., Cobb K.M., Douville E., deMenocal P., Eisenhauer A., Garbe-Schonberg C.D., Geibert W., Goldstein S., Hughen K., Inoue M., Kawahata H., Kolling M., Le Cornec F., Linsley B.K., McGregor H.V., Montagna P., Nurhati I.S., Quinn T.M., Raddatz J., Rebaubier H., Robinson L., Sadekov A., Sherrell R., Sinclair D., Tudhope A.W., Wei G., Wong H., Wu H.C., You C.F (2013). Inter-laboratory study for coral Sr/Ca and other element/Ca ratio measurements. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystem. 14, 3730-3750.
  • Palmiotto C., Corda A., Ligi M., Cipriani A., Dick H., Douville E., Gasperini L., Montagna P., Thil F., Borsetti A.M., Balestra B. Bonatti E. (2013). Non-volcanic islands in ancient and modern oceans.Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems. 14, 4698-4717.
  • Montagna P., McCulloch M., Douville E., López Correa M., Trotter J., Rodolfo-Metalpa R., Dissard D., Ferrier-Pagès C., Frank N., Freiwald A., Goldstein S., Mazzoli C., Reynaud S., Rüggeberg A., Russo S., Taviani M. (2014). Li/Mg systematics in scleractinian corals: calibration of the thermometer. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 132, 288-310.
  • Amorosi A., Antonioli F., Bertini A., Marabini S., Mastronuzzi G., Montagna P., Negri A., Rossi V., Scarponi D., Taviani M., Angeletti L., Piva A., Vai G.B. (2014). The Middle-Late Quaternary Fronte Section (Taranto, Italy): An exceptionally preserved marine record of the Last Interglacial. Global and Planetary Change, 119, 23-38.
  • Coltorti M., Pieruccini P., Montagna P., Zorzi F. Stratigraphy, facies analysis and chronology of Quaternary deposits at Capo San Marco (Sinis Peninsula, West Sardinia, Italy). Quaternary International. in press.
  • Del Bianco F., Gasperini L., Angeletti L., Giglio F., Bortoluzzi G., Montagna P., Ravaioli M., Kljajic Z. Stratigraphic architecture of the Montenegro/N. Albania Continental Margin (Adriatic Sea – Central Mediterranean). Marine Geology, in press.
  • Russo S., Dosio A., Graversen R., Sillmann J., Carrao H., Dunbar M., Singleton A., Montagna P., Barbosa P., Vogt J. Magnitude of extreme heat waves in present climate and their projection in a warming world. Journal of Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, in press.
  • Rodolfo-Metalpa R., Montagna P., Aliani S., Borghini M., Canese S. Hall-Spencer J., Milazzo M., Taviani M., Houlbrèque F. Cold-water corals Desmophyllum dianthus, Caryophyllia smithii, Dendrophyllia cornigera are not threatened by ocean acidification. Global Change Biology, in press
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